In 2020 there were 1,205 electric passenger vehicles registered in Latvia, but by 2021 the figure had grown to 2,106. In Estonia in 2021 there were 2,456 electric vehicles and in Lithuania 4,831.
The largest increases were recorded in Finland (+136%), Croatia (+127%) and Italy (+122%). At the other end of the scale, Czechia (+12%) and Spain (+15%) recorded the lowest rates of increase.
In 2021, the total number of electric passenger vehicles in the EU was estimated at 1.9 million. The EU members with more than 100 thousand electric passenger vehicles were Germany (618 thousand), France (403 thousand), the Netherlands (245 thousand), Italy (118 thousand) and Sweden (110 thousand).
The EU electricity consumption in road transport (which includes electricity used for electric trolley buses and to charge electric vehicles), also experienced a notable increase in 2021 compared with 2020 (+80%).
In absolute terms, electricity consumption in road transport reached 6 910 gigawatt hours (GWh) in the EU in 2021, which corresponds to 0.3% of final consumption. Across the EU countries, the highest consumption was recorded in Sweden (1 433 GWh), followed by Germany (1 386 GWh) and the Netherlands (1 071 GWh). On the other hand, Cyprus (0 GWh), Slovenia (4 GWh) and Malta (5 GWh) recorded very low electricity consumption for road transport.