New partnership law to be considered by Latvian parliament

In order to comply with the judgment of the Constitutional Court (ST), which emphasizes the state's duty to protect all families including those formed by same-sex partners, the Ministry of Justice has on October 30 submitted a package of draft laws to the Saeima Legal Committee, with which it is planned to introduce a new law institute – partnership.

Partnership would be a new way of legally strengthening the relationship between two adults and providing them with certain types of social and economic protection.

It is foreseen that the details of the establishment and termination of the partnership will be entered into the Register of natural persons. The amendments included in the package to the Notarial Law prescribe the conclusion and termination of the partnership with the notary, providing that upon arrival in person with a sworn notary, a partnership may be entered into by two persons of legal age, among whom there are close, personal relations and there are no restrictions on entering into such a partnership, for example, close kinship.

Related amendments to several other laws have also been submitted, which will ensure certain economic and social support measures.

After the partnership has been established, the partner is expected to have the right to make decisions related to the treatment of the other partner if he or she is unable to take care of himself or freely express his or her will, to obtain social guarantees, as well as to obtain personal income tax relief for mutual gifts and loans.

It is planned that amendments to the laws and regulations regarding the implementation of the partnership will come into force on July 1, 2024. However, given the recent history with the Civil Union Law, it is far from certain that it will be adopted.

The previous Saeima in two readings supported, but in the final reading did not adopt the Civil Union Law, which would allow to legally establish the cohabitation of two adults. Then the 14th Saeima Committee rejected the viewing of the Civil Union Law in the Saeima. The “” public initiative of more than 23 thousand people on legal protection for all families was also rejected. 

In mid-December 2022, at the urging of the Progressives, the 14th Saeima again ruled on taking over the Civil Union Law from the previous parliamentary term, rejecting it.

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