Energy consumption dipped in 2020

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In 2020 the primary and final energy consumption in the 27 member states of the European Union plummeted due to COVID-19 related restrictions, according to data published December 21 by Eurostat.

EU energy consumption 2020
EU energy consumption 2020

When comparing with the 2017-2019 average, primary energy consumption decreased in all EU Member States. The highest decreases were recorded in Estonia (-21.2%), followed by Spain (-14.8%) and Cyprus (-13.4%), while Lithuania (-0.7%), Hungary (-2.5%) and Romania (-4.5%) registered the smallest reductions. For Latvia the figure was -6.7%.

The same general drop was also registered in the final energy consumption compared with the 2017-2019 average. The highest drops were registered in Malta (-17.4%), Cyprus (-15.9%) and Spain (-14.2%) and the smallest in Romania (-0.3%), Hungary (-2.9%) and Sweden (-2.9%). For Latvia the figure was -5.8%.

EU energy consumption in 2020 reached the lowest levels since 1990 (the first year for which data are available), which is largely explained by the effects of the pandemic. It peaked in 2006 when primary energy consumption was 15.1% above the 2020 target and final energy consumption was 9.0% above the 2020 target.

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