Moscow blasted the announcement that Italy will station troops near to its border. "NATO's policy is destructive," Russian foreign ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova told ANSA. "The alliance is engaged in constructing new lines of division in Europe, instead of deep, solid relations of good neighbours".
But Gentiloni said that the decision was not an act of aggression.
"It is not a policy of aggression towards Russia, but of reassurance and defence of our borders as an alliance," Gentiloni told a joint news conference with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.
"This decision does not influence in the slightest the line of dialogue (with Russia) that Italy has always proposed and shared with NATO".
The decision was taken months ago as part of the country's contribution to the alliance in the Baltic states, Gentiloni said.
In September Latvia's President Raimonds Vējonis told Italian President Sergio Mattarella that he hopes Italy will join the Canadian-led multinational NATO battalion, believed to be made up from Canadian forces and soldiers from Poland, Spain, Slovenia and Italy.