The JEF is a coalition of nations (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom), and comprises high readiness forces capable of responding rapidly to crises in the 'High North' (Arctic region) and northern Europe.
Following the NATO summit in Wales in September 2014, the JEF Participant Nations signed a Foundation Memorandum of Understanding in London in November 2015, as reported by LSM at the time.
"At the Rīga meeting, the JEF heads of state and government intend to discuss the aggressive war of Russia in Ukraine and consequent changes in the security climate in the North Atlantic, Baltic Sea and the High North regions, with the emphasis on cooperation between JEF members in providing further assistance for Ukraine in its fight with the aggressor, and on measures to improve regional security," said an annoucement about the meeting from the Latvian government.
The first Summit of the JEF Leaders was held virtually on 25 February 2022, in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine the day before. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom hosted a second in-person Summit on 15 March 2022.
"Holding the third meeting of the JEF heads of state and government in Rīga demonstrates Latvia’s role as an active and constructive player in shaping the security environment of the Baltic Sea and the High North region," said the Latvian governent.