In 2019, there were 2.0 million teachers (85% women, 15% men) and 24.5 million pupils at the primary education level in EU Member States.
In the EU, the average number of pupils per teacher at the primary level decreased slightly from 13.6 in 2018 to 13.5 in 2019. The lowest ratios were registered in Greece (8.7), Luxembourg (9.0), and Poland (9.6).
At the other end of the spectrum, Romania maintained the highest pupil-teacher ratio (19.4). France and Czechia followed with ratios of 18.8 and 18.7, respectively.
Latvia's level was 12 pupils per teacher, exactly the same figure as for 2018. Estonia has 12.9 pupils per teacher and Lithuania 14.5 pupils per teacher according to the 2019 data.