The shrub of the year in Latvia is the sweet briar (Rosa rubiginosa)!
Around 15 species of wild roses of different origins are present in the wild in Latvia, both highly ecologically aggressive and even invasive alien species, as well as rare and protected wild species.
The sweet briar is called the "scent-leaf rose" in Latvian and is one of the species of natural origin that is rare and sparse in Latvia.
Recently, the species was fairly widespread in Zemgale, as well as in certain regions elsewhere in Latvia – in the Daugava valley between Jēkabpils and Koknese, at Priekuļi, etc., but the survey in recent years shows that in intensive agricultural regions the species has largely disappeared.
It has obtained its Latvian name from the leaves, which have a pronounced scent of apples when rubbed.
Roses have specific ecological requirements: they love sun, which means that foresty grassland cannot be their home for a long time, while also highly mown grasslands are not suitable for growth. Species-friendly management – extensive grazing and mowing, while maintaining certain clusters of bush, is not often practiced because it is not covered by lawn management guidelines, and therefore the species has remained mainly on the roadside, at the forest edges, etc. Even roadsides are often heavily mowed.
The result is that wild roses, including rare ones, are getting even rarer and gradually disappearing from their historical habitats.
Sightings of the sweet briar can be reported on the nature observation portal Dabasdati.lv.