7.2% of EU citizens reported having chronic depression, a small increase compared with 2014 (+0.3 percentage points).
Among EU countries, Slovenia (15.1%) had the highest share of the population reporting chronic depression in 2019, followed by Portugal (12.2%) and Sweden (11.7%).
In contrast, the share of people reporting chronic depression was lowest in Romania (1.0%), Bulgaria (2.7%) and Malta (3.5%).
Estonia's and Lithuania's figures were both 7.0%.
In 2019, the share of people reporting chronic depression was higher for women than men in all EU Member States.