On January 1, 2020, there were 219 million men and 229 million women in the EU. This corresponds to a ratio of 104.7 women per 100 men, which means that there were 4.7 % more women than men.
There were more women than men in all Member States, except Malta, Luxembourg, Sweden, and Slovenia. The highest rates were found in Latvia (17% more women than men) and Lithuania (14% more).
Latvia is in the same spot as it was two decades ago. According to the report, on 1 January 2001 there were 5.5% more women than men in the EU, with a minimum ratio of 101.1 women per 100 men in Ireland and a maximum of 117.3 in Latvia.
During the period 2001-2020 the highest increase in the rate was recorded in Portugal (from 107.2 to 111.9 women per 100 men), while the highest decrease was in Malta (from 102.1 to 93.6 women per 100 men).
You can view the full dataset on Eurostat.
The report also said that during the period 2001 to 2020, the EU (EU27) population increased from 429 million to 447 million, a growth of 4 %. Seventeen Member States showed increases in their population during this period, while the remaining ten had decreases. The largest increases were recorded in Luxembourg, Malta, Ireland and Cyprus, all over 20 %, while the largest decreases were observed in Lithuania and Latvia, both with falls of around 20 %.