Baltics lead the way on women in science and technology

Lithuania and Latvia have the highest proportion of women in science and technology in the European Union, with Estonia not far behind, according to new data from Eurostat.

In 2020, of almost 73 million persons employed in science and technology in the EU, aged from 15 to 74, nearly 37.5 million were women (51.3%) and 35.5 million men (48.7%).

In two thirds of the Member States, the majority of persons employed in science and technology were women, the highest share being in Lithuania and Latvia, with 63.7% and 62.9% respectively. Estonia was also ahead of the average with 59.5% of science and technology workers being women.

Austria, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Czechia, Italy and Malta were the only countries with a share of less than 50%, ranging from 49.9% to 45.2%.

In most EU Member States there are at least as many women as men in university-level education, and the number of female doctorate students has increased more rapidly than the number of equivalent male students, Eurostat said.

Women in science and technology, 2020
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