In 2020, of almost 73 million persons employed in science and technology in the EU, aged from 15 to 74, nearly 37.5 million were women (51.3%) and 35.5 million men (48.7%).
In two thirds of the Member States, the majority of persons employed in science and technology were women, the highest share being in Lithuania and Latvia, with 63.7% and 62.9% respectively. Estonia was also ahead of the average with 59.5% of science and technology workers being women.
Austria, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Czechia, Italy and Malta were the only countries with a share of less than 50%, ranging from 49.9% to 45.2%.
In most EU Member States there are at least as many women as men in university-level education, and the number of female doctorate students has increased more rapidly than the number of equivalent male students, Eurostat said.