43,035 people who fled the war were registered in Latvia. In Estonia there were 35,820 people under similar circumstances and in Lithuania there were 72,810.
On 30 September 2023, almost 4.2 million non-EU citizens (4 186 165), who had fled Ukraine as a consequence of the Russian invasion in 2022, were under temporary protection in the EU.
More than half of those beneficiaries of temporary protection in the EU were reported by just two countries: Germany (28 % of the total), and Poland (23 %).
In relative terms, the number of temporary protection beneficiaries relative to the EU population was 9.3 per thousand people at the end of September 2023. Among the EU Member States, the highest ratios were observed in Czechia (33.1), Estonia (26.2), Poland (26.1), Bulgaria (25.8), Lithuania (25.5) and Latvia (22.9).
After a sharp rise in the number of people granted temporary protection in Latvia in the second quarter of 2023 (6,350, compared to 2,805 in the firt quarter of the year), the number fell back again in the third quarter to 1,780.
Compared with the end of August 2023, the number of beneficiaries increased by 31 920 across the EU (+0.8 %). The highest increases were observed in Germany (+19 205; +1.6 %), the Netherlands (+3 685; +2.8 %) and Ireland (+2 875; +3.2 %), whereas a decline was recorded in Czechia (-7 125; -2.0 %), France (-2 155; -3.2 %), Poland (-1 895; -0.2 %), Slovenia (-405; -4.6 %) and Luxembourg (-10; -0.2 %).
About 98.2 % of people who fled Ukraine and were under temporary protection in the EU at the end of September 2023 were Ukrainian. Among other non-EU citizens under temporary protection, the three main countries of citizenship were Russia (11 785; 0.28 %), Nigeria (6 480; 0.15 %) and Azerbaijan (4 231; 0.10 %).
At the end of September 2023, adult women represented 46.5 % of beneficiaries of temporary protection, 55 % of them were women aged 35 to 64 years. Children represented 33.7 %, while the proportion of adult men in the total number of beneficiaries of temporary protection was only 19.9 %. By contrast, the proportions of boys and girls of less than 14 years of age and from 14 to 17 years of age were similar.